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Physical Geography Practice Quiz: Folds and Faults II

Test your knowledge with this physical geography practice quiz

Questions

1. What do we call a fault in which the hanging wall moves up along the dip with respect to the footwall (as pictured)?

Fault in which the hanging wall moves up along the dip with respect to the footwall

A. A normal fault

B. A strike-slip fault

C. A dip fault

D. A reverse fault

E. An anticlinal fault

 

2. What do we call a fold in which the rock layers are folded upward, with the limbs sloping up to the axis of the fold (as pictured)?

Fold in which the rock layers are folded upward, with the limbs sloping up to the axis of the fold

A. A thrust fold

B. A syncline

C. A recumbent fold

D. An anticline

E. A normal fold

 

3. True or False: A fault is always the result of tensional stress.

A. True

B. False

 

4. What do we call a fault in which the movement is horizontal along the strike?

A. A strike-slip fault

B. A reverse fault

C. A horizontal fault

D. A dip-slip fault

E. A thrust fault

 

5. What produces a reverse fault?

A. Tensional stress

B. Shear stress

C. Compressional stress

D. Shear stress

E. No stress

 

6. True or False: Synclines will always form valleys in the landscape.

A. True

B. False

 

7. What do we call a downdropped block of the crust, bounded by normal faults on each side?

A. A horst

B. A normal block

C. A graben

D. A syncline

E. An anticline

 

8. The San Andreas Fault in California is an example of a _____ fault in a _____ plate boundary.

A. a normal fault in a transform plate boundary

B. a strike-slip fault in a convergent plate boundary

C. a reverse fault in a transform plate boundary

D. a strike-slip fault in a transform plate boundary

E. a normal fault in a convergent plate boundary

 

9. The Sierra Nevada Mountains in California are primarily what kind of mountains?

A. Folded

B. Volcanic

C. Fault-block

D. Warped

E. Overthrust

 

10. Which of the following statements is true of the epicenter of an earthquake?

A. The epicenter is at Caltech in Pasadena, where the seismographs are located

B. The epicenter is the point on the Earth’s surface just above the location where movement on the fault began

C. The epicenter is a place on the fault where it intersects the surface

D. The epicenter is the point on the fault’s surface within the Earth where the rupture on the fault began