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Citing Sources

Tips on citing sources from the DI Library

Citing Lectures

In APA style, only retrievable sources are listed as References. Since a lecture heard in person is not retrievable by anyone else, do not include it in your References; the same is true for personal communications such as interviews and emails.

If you use a quotation or idea from a class lecture or other personal communication, do cite it using an in-text citation. Here's an example:

Students were encouraged by their instructor to ask the librarians if they had any questions about citing images (L. Robinson, class lecture, July 7, 2015).